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Scientific researches in the field of anti-corruption

The achievements in the field of corruption prevention


     From the moment of gaining independence Kazakhstan is purposefully and gradually pursues establishing effective and relevant to international standards, institutions and mechanisms in preventing corruption.
In 1998, one of the first post-Soviet countries Parliament adopted the Law “On Fighting Corruption” determining the goals, objectives, principles and mechanisms to combat this negative phenomenon.
The Criminal Code of the country has enshrined a comprehensive list of corruption crimes.
The state policy on tightening criminal responsibility is being implemented. The perpetrators of corruption crimes and misdemeanors have been banned for life from holding public position in state agencies.
The Institute of state protection and recognition of people assisting in combating corruption enables an effective implementation of anticorruption policy.
The measures taken and modern anticorruption mechanisms contribute to the successful implementation of the principle of inevitability of punishment for corruption.
Since 2001, the government implemented a program to combat corruption with the application of concrete measures to eliminate the causes and conditions of corruption.
 The anticorruption legislation is complemented with the rules on the confiscation of property obtained by criminal means and personal responsibility of heads for fighting corruption. It has enshrined such an important concept as a «conflict of interests».
The anticorruption measures are included in a number of legislative acts regulating public procurement, taxation, customs, licensing and other areas.
In general, the legislation of Kazakhstan in the field of preventing corruption has become, in fact, a model for post-Soviet countries.
On the international stage, Kazakhstan is an active participant and a full subject of international law. The accession to the UN Convention against Corruption and other documents in this field provides an active participation of our country in international anticorruption.
The Republic of Kazakhstan has been a member of the Istanbul Action Plan to prevent corruption for the countries of Eastern Europe and Central Asia, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (hereinafter - the Istanbul Action Plan) since 2004. The interim report of the third round of monitoring the legislation of Kazakhstan was adopted within the framework of the 16th Monitoring meeting of the Istanbul Action Plan, which took place in October 2015 in Paris (France).
The report gives a positive assessment of the political will and anticorruption policy of Kazakhstan, including those implemented in recent years, important reforms that helped to reduce the level of corruption in the country. According to the OECD experts, Kazakhstan has implemented the most of recommended actions by now.
The new recommendations have also been developed for Kazakhstan aimed for further improvement of the anticorruption legislation in three areas: anticorruption policy, criminal responsibility for corruption and prevention of corruption.
The discussion of issues concerning the international cooperation in prevention corruption also takes place at G20 meetings.
In the light of the objectives outlined in the Strategy «Kazakhstan – 2050» for the further development of the economy to become one of the thirty most competitive countries in the world, the modernization of the ongoing anticorruption policy took place in order to enhance the role of civil society in prevention corruption.
In this context, the Antiсorruption Strategy of the Republic of Kazakhstan for 2015-2025 (hereinafter - the Strategy) was approved by the Decree of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated December 26, 2014 № 986 - a new state policy paper defines anticorruption strategy where the leading role takes the complex measures of the preventive nature that can dramatically reduce the level of corruption by eliminating preconditions for corruption rather than fight its consequences.
In this regard, priority recognized measures aimed at the implementation of anticorruption policies through corruption prevention, detection and minimization of corruption risks in the activity of state bodies and officials, a broad anticorruption education, the formation of anticorruption culture in the population.
The Commission on fight against corruption under the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan, as well as the Agency for Civil Service Affairs and Antiсorruption of the Republic of Kazakhstan are one of the important tools for implementing the anticorruption strategy.
The Agency for Civil Service Affairs and Antiсorruption of the Republic of Kazakhstan equally combines the functions for the implementation of a new model of public service and prevention of corruption.
The concentration of functions in the field of public service, the quality control of public services and the prevention of corruption, as well as their association in the redistribution of the competence of the state body, led to the formation of a new and organically unified function, when regulation of public service and public service includes all aspects to ensure the ethical standards behavior and the prevention of corruption in it and, on the contrary, the work of anticorruption is carried out taking into account the characteristics of the civil service system and service delivery of public services.
The Department of anticorruption policy for the systematic prevention of corruption was created.
The National Bureau of Antiсorruption for the realization of powers on the criminal law measures to prevent corruption was created.
Through the implementation of large-scale reforms in the framework of the Nation Plan «100 concrete steps» the approaches and nature of the modern anticorruption legislation have dramatically changed.
The new law «On Prevention Corruption» has for the first time provided such institutions as the prevention of corruption, anticorruption monitoring, analysis of the risks of corruption, the formation of an anticorruption culture.
The analysis of corruption risks in the government, as well as monitoring the implementation of recommendations to eliminate the causes and conditions that facilitate the commission of corruption offenses are being systematically implemented.
Starting from 2015, the analysis of corruption risks was done at the Ministry of Investment and Development, the Ministry of Health and Social Development, the Ministry of Agriculture, the Ministry of Culture and Sports, the Ministry of Education and Science, the Ministry of Defense, the Committee for Regulation of Natural Monopolies and Protection of Competition of the Ministry of National Economy of the Republic of Kazakhstan, by the results of which specific recommendations for addressing the identified risks were given.
The assistance and provision of guidance to stakeholders in the implementation of anticorruption education programs for anticorruption education and training, information and awareness-raising activities, the execution of the state social order, aimed at the formation of an anticorruption culture. The pilot project «The Civil Control» (Peoples point for citizens) has been implemented as part of the social order.
Since the beginning of this year 29 written and 1254 telephone clarifications have been given.
In addition, more than 500 events aimed at clarifying the arrangements for internal analysis (seminars, «round tables», lectures, meetings) were organized in the regions by the territorial departments. Also, the Methodological guidelines for the analysis of the internal corruption risks in order to ensure a unified approach of state bodies and quasi-public sector entities in conducting an internal review of corruption risks have been developed. The Guidelines are available on the official Internet site for public access.
For the first time the Law «On Prevention Corruption» an essential component of the formation of an anticorruption culture defined anticorruption education.
The curricula of individual subjects and disciplines introduced the theme of anticorruption focus.
The «Conceptual bases of education» including directions for the formation of an anticorruption culture among students have been approved. This document served as the basis for the inclusion of anticorruption measures in the plans of educational work of all educational institutions.
The Model Curriculum «Fundamentals of the anticorruption culture» for the usage in the educational process of higher educational institutions of all undergraduate majors has been developed. The program is used in more than one hundred universities in the development of workers' educational disciplines on anticorruption programs.
The textbook «Fundamentals of the anticorruption culture», which is the first educational material, revealing different aspects of the formation of an anticorruption culture and wearing an interdisciplinary nature has been developed. In addition, the conditions for obtaining additional education for various segments of the population taking into account age, occupational and other features through the development and approval of the training course programs on the theme of «Formation of an anticorruption culture in different social groups» have been created.The program is used throughout the country in the ongoing anticorruption classes for various target groups (public and civil servants, law enforcement officials, NPO, media, ethno-cultural and religious associations, businesses, educators and young people). For example, 3848 training lectures on the anticorruption theme in 2015 were conducted, 170 scientific conferences and forums were organized and 780 «round tables» were held.
At the same time, 2448 lectures and workshops on the theme of anticorruption involving 111 679 people, 443 «round tables» were organized and carried out from the beginning of the year with 19 708 people participation, among them - heads of local executive authorities, representatives of political parties, civil society organizations, regional chambers of entrepreneurs, the mass media. Taking into account the international experience of the most successful countries in the consolidation of the society on issues of anticorruption activities, the Open agreement on cooperation in creating an atmosphere of intolerance to any manifestations of corruption and the formation of an anticorruption culture in the society was developed for the first time in the country. The uniqueness of this project lies in the fact that the agreement is open to accession by the public associations, nonprofit organizations and other organizations, regardless of ownership and organizational-legal form, and individual citizens of the Republic of Kazakhstan, recognizing its goals and objectives. Today, 2 thousand companies and 46 thousand citizens have become its participants.




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